Oral Hypersensitivity Reactions
Dental-related allergies usually include swelling and inflammation of the gums, and they may arise from several sources in your dentist office. Here are some of the most common oral hypersensitivity reactions.
Allergy towards latex products.
Rubber gloves are commonly used in the dental and medical fields. Dental dams are also made of latex. When you are latex-sensitive, you may experience minor symptoms; for example, nasal congestion or a hives break-out. Anaphylaxis is a severe form that may also manifest, causing a drop in blood pressure; difficulty breathing; swelling of the throat, tongue and nose, and even shock. Emergency medical attention is required. Though only 1% of the population have an allergy to latex products, it is best to know ahead of your dental appointment if you have such a reaction.
Allergy towards certain dental metals.
Mercury, nickel, and amalgam are usually the most reactive. They are incorporated in filling materials, in dental implants, and porcelain. Potential allergens can also be found in crowns, bridges, dentures, orthodontic wires, impression materials and varnishes. Gum swelling, redness, or inflammation, and sometimes contact dermatitis, are the manifestations of this allergy. Dentists can use alternative materials that are metal free like zirconia or ceramic materials that are less likely to cause an allergic reaction.
Allergy towards local anesthesia.
If you developed a true allergic reaction to local anesthesia, it is only 1% of the adverse reactions due to local anesthetics. Most adverse reactions linked to local anesthetics are actually caused by patient anxiety or a patient response to the vasoconstrictor in the anesthetic.
Allergy towards other dental-related products.
Mouthwashes, toothpaste, and fluoride treatments, even dental floss and denture cleaners have flavorings that could cause irritation in the mouth or a rash around the lips. They may have potential allergens like cinnamon, peppermint, eugenol and menthol that may cause a hypersensitivity reaction.
Before your dental appointment, seek first an allergist for an allergy test. You can have a patch test to determine types of allergies, or a blood test to determine reaction towards specific metals. These tests are important to decrease the risk of dental-related emergencies.Source 1, 2
Looking After Patient Safety First In Lynnwood
Lynnwood dentistry practices patient safety first and foremost. All our patients are thoroughly interviewed for history and current issues, especially where potential allergies are concerned. Rest assured our staff is able and prepared for emergencies should they happen.