Most Causes of Pale Gums
As far as appearances go, the color of a person’s gums is just as important as the teeth’s. It indicates the person’s hygiene or state of health. Healthy gums are generally pinkish, and consistently so, though some people can have gums paler or darker than others. So, if you should notice a change in the color of your gums, it is best to consult your physician or dentist. Gums that are pale-looking can be caused by several conditions, such as the following.
It’s a very common condition whereby the body does not get sufficient oxygen-rich blood. It often results when other diseases interfere with the body’s ability to produce healthy red blood cells or abnormally increase red blood cell breakdown or loss. Anemics are generally pale, easily fatigued, have pale or yellowish skin and eyes, and suffer from headaches or chest pains. Their gums can also look pale.
There might be medical conditions resulting to anemia, like very heavy menstruation, pregnancy, liver, spleen, or kidney conditions, hypothyroidism, or bleeding in the stomach or intestines. Treatment is generally a 6-month prescription of iron supplements and iron-rich foods. Menopause is a natural condition known to decrease blood flow, which can cause the gums to become pale and dry.
Oral leukoplakia can cause thin, white patches to develop on the gums and other parts of the mouth. While cause is unknown, they are usually found in individuals with poor oral hygiene, are smokers or alcoholics. Leukoplakia are generally harmless or can be precancerous. The doctor may choose to monitor leukoplakia patches or surgically remove them.
Oral lichen planus is a web-like, slightly raised white threads throughout the gums’ mucus membranes. Sometimes it can be erosive in character becoming ulcers or open sores, treatable with topical corticosteroids or systemic steroids. A biopsy may have to be taken to rule out other medical issues. Though there’s no cure, treatment involves limiting the flare-ups and the severity of symptoms. A balanced diet, staying hydrated, exercising, and quitting smoking can help to manage the condition.
Seek medical advice or go to your dentist if symptoms of infection accompany pale gums. Symptoms as bleeding, swelling, painful and receding gums, gum abscess, loose teeth, foul breath, difficulty swallowing, pain in jaw or the face, and fever. If paler than usual, see a doctor or dentist to rule out anemia and other underlying conditions. Certainly, the best recourse to keep gums healthy is consistent oral hygiene.
Looking Out For Gum Health in Lynnwood
If you are bothered by pale-looking gums, come to us for a consult. Lynnwood dentistry looks after gum health as well. We can advice how to always keep your gums in the pink of health.